Ocean Liner Row New York's Historic Harbor District 

Ocean Liner Memorabilia
Historical Maritime Events


Admiral Viscount Lord Nelson

The Battle of Trafalgar
October 21, 1805
The Days of Wooden ships and Iron Men

The Napoleonic War, October 1805.

Admiralty House in London sent the following message,
with full dispatch to Admiral Viscount Lord Nelson
aboard the Royal Navy Flagship H.M.S. Victory---

"The Main French Naval force has joined with the Spanish Fleet off the Southern coast of Spain and is in preparation to engage in battle with our Fleet.  They are positioned off Cape Trafalgar.  Seek and destroy."

On the early morning of October the 21st, 1805--Nelson and the Fleet approached the battle line of ships, three deep.  Ready to engage.

Before the battle began, Nelson instructed the signal
be sent to the Fleet.
 
"ENGLAND EXPECTS THAT EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY."

"Splice the Mainbrace, Double Tot of Rum Issue, For All Hands."

Nelson formed two division lines to sail into the battle--
Leading line one, Nelson on the H.M.S. Victory,
Leading line two, Vice Admiral Collinwood on the
H.M.S. Royal Sovereign.


The cannons roared and the battle raged on.
The fighting was the fiercest around the Victory.  
The Victory broke through the line with a triple shotted broadside port and starboard.
  

At a quarter past one, at the height of the battle,
Nelson was mortally wounded with a musket shot,
which entered his left shoulder, and landed on his spine.  

At his command, Nelson still continued to lead the battle.
 
The English were winning.




The French Warship, Redoubtable, was pulling along side the Victory to board her.  The H.M.S. Temaraire, which the Royal Navy crew called her the Fighting Temaraire, came about the starboard stern and let off a triple shotted broadside, disabling the Redoubtable.



At half past four, Nelson succumbed to his wound and died.


He was victorious in death.

England had won the battle.

"Britannia Victorious"

The Victory was unable to move under her own sail and was towed by the H.M.S. Neptune to Gibraltar for repairs.

Nelson's body was preserved in a canvas lined casked full of Brandy and returned back to England on the H.M.S. Victory for a hero's burial.

The funeral was held at Saint Paul's Cathedral, London,
where Nelson was buried with full military and naval honors.

England was no longer in any threat of being invaded
by Napoleon's forces.

The Battle of Trafalgar was one of the most decisive battles in Naval history.

In five hours, the British had defeated both
the French and the Spanish fleets.

French Commander Villeneuve was held prisoner on his own ship
and taken back to England.  

Three thousand prisoners were taken.

England did not lose any ships but suffered heavy damage.

Every man did his duty.

"God Bless The Royal Navy."

"Rule Britannia, Britannia Rules The Waves."


The Royal Navy Fleet off Spithead
between Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight







Royal Navy Flagship
HMS Victory
Portsmouth, England

The H.M.S. Victory is open for viewing today.
A plaque on her main deck marks the spot where nelson was mortally Wounded.



A Great Novel by James McGuane


The Victory Chair on Board 1806


The Keel With Copper Bolt In the Victories' Bilge

 The Largest Long Barreled CANNON in Standard Use in Nelson's Navy
fires a 32 Pound Cannon Ball


The Royal Navy and the Submarine Museum are located in Portsmouth, England.



RMS Titanic Disaster
On the 10th of April 1912, The Titanic sailed from Southampton on its Maiden Voyage--the greatest liner of its time--
with stops at Cherbourg and Queenstown--
on its way to New York.

On the night of the 14th of April at 11:40pm, the liner struck an iceberg.
After 20 minutes, Captain E. J. Smith was aware the ship was going to sink and issued the abandon ship order.
The ship sank at 2:20am on the 15th of April.    866 were rescued by the RMS Carpathia
and taken to New York City.
1,250 Souls went down with the ship. 




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